With the type of lifestyle that most people have grown accustomed to today, it is not that surprising that heart disease has become the number one killer in the US. The risk of a heart attack becomes even higher as people age. Here are some tips that might help you and your loved ones prevent the potential damaging effects of heart attacks.
Know the early warning signs.
Before the onset of a heart attack, the body usually may display some early warning signs. Getting to know them and getting immediate treatment may help improve one’s chances of survival. Some of the typical symptoms of heart attacks include, shortness of breath, chest pains, prolonged fatigue, lengthy and unexplained coughing, leg swellings and faintness. There are also some symptoms of heart attacks that may not be so obvious. Sometimes the pain felt may be similar to heartburn while other symptoms exhibited may be similar to flu. It might be wise to seek treatment immediately at the first signs of a potential heart attack.
Keep bad cholesterol low.
High cholesterol levels is a common risk factor for heart attacks. High levels of bad cholesterol in the blood stream can cause heart attacks by blocking the blood supply completely to an area of the heart. Blood cholesterol levels should be kept to around 200mg per deciliter and not more. LDL, or bad cholesterol levels should be kept below 70mg/dL. Cholesterol levels should be checked regularly and be treated when necessary.
Keep blood pressure controlled.
High blood pressure is another common risk factor of heart attacks. Having high blood pressure can cause damage to the arteries, eventually making them narrow and harden. Over time, fat deposits, cholesterol and other cells begin to build up over the damaged arteries that might lead to a possible blockage that may cause a heart attack.
Trying to control blood pressure at normal levels may help prevent future heart attacks. People with pre-hypertension, with blood pressure levels falling between 120/80 mm Hg and 139/89 mm Hg should already seek treatment before it reaches hypertension levels. Monitoring blood pressure regularly and seeking immediate treatment to prevent it from getting worse may help prevent or reduce potential heart attacks in the future.
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